Dehradun is also known as Doon valley.Located in the Doon Valley, Dehradun is enclosed by two of the most dynamic rivers in India Ganga from the east and Yamuna from the west. This city is famous for its scenic beautiful landscape and historical attention. Many people come here for the quick weekend break and also to be away from the hectic monotonous of metropolitan city life. Adore with a temperate climate throughout the year, this city gets thousands of tourists streaming in every month.
The Doon Valley consists of eight towns namely Dehradun, Herbertpur, Vikasnagar, Doiwala, Rishikesh, Sahaspur, Raiwala and Subash Nagar (Clement Town). Dehradun district is bounded by the Himalayas from the North, Shivaliks from the South, Ganga River from the East and Yamuna River from the West. The District is separated into two main parts namely the Dehradun City, which is bounded by the Himalayas and Shivalik Ranges from north and south respectively, and the Jaunsar Bavar that is located at the base of the mountains. North of Dehradun, the district shares the border with Uttarkashi District and in the east with Tehri and Pauri. In the West, Dehradun shares the border with Sirmaur District belonging to Himachal Pradesh and Yamuna River and from the South; Saharanpur District of Uttar Pradesh and Haridwar border the district.
Located between latitudes 29 58’ N and 31 2’ N and Longitudes 77 34’ E and 78 18’ E, Dehradun has a population of 5,78,420 (according to Census 2011) and the district is divided into 6 taluks namely Dehradun, Chakrata, Vikasnagar, Kalsi, Tjonee and Rishikesh that consists of 17 towns and 764 villages.
Dehradun lies on the route to tourist destinations like Haridwar, Rishikesh, Gangotri and Badrinath. Tourist attractions in Dehradun include the Tapkeshwar Mahadev Temple, the Tapovan, Robbers’ Cave, the Shakya Center. Dehradun also offers opportunities for adventure sports like skiing and trekking. Several academic institutions and research centres are located here, a notable one being the Forest Research Institute.
According to the geography of Dehradun, it is easily accessible by road for regular bus services connect it to all important cities of North India. The Jolly Grant Airport is about 25 kilometres away from Dehradun and the city is connected by rail to all major cities of India. Dehradun offers plenty of choices in terms of quality accommodation ranging from luxury hotels to budget hotels, known for their friendly services and modern amenities.
The Climate of the district is generally temperate. It varies greatly from tropical to severe cold depending upon the altitude of the area. The district is hilly, temperature variations due to the difference in elevation are considerable. In the hilly regions, the summer is pleasant, but in the Doon, the heat is often intense, although not to such degree as in the plains of the adjoining district. The temperature drops below freezing point not only at high altitude but even at places like Dehradun during the winters, when the higher peaks are also under snow. The area receives an average annual rainfall of 2073.3 mm. Most of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the months from June to September, July and August being rainiest. Climate Data of Doon Valley for all the months is as under on the basis of mean of last 25 years.